Bone spurs are very common foot problems. They develop most frequently in the heel, near the toes, or on top of the big toe joint. The spurs are small outgrowths of bone. In and of themselves, they are generally harmless. However, their location may cause friction or irritation from shoes or other foot structures, which can lead to other foot problems.
Heel spurs refer specifically to bone spurs in the heel. Heel spurs are growths of bone on the underside, forepart of the heel bone and occur when the plantar fibrous band pulls at its attachment to the heel bone. This area of the heel later calcifies to form a spur.
Causes of Bone Spurs
- Buildup of calcium deposits over a period of months
- Muscle or ligament strains
- Plantar fasciitis , the inflammation of the plantar fascia, which is the tissue stretching underneath your soles and attaching to your heels
- Running or jogging on hard surfaces
- Walking gait that places excessive stress on the heel bone, ligaments, and nerves near the heel
- Wearing poorly fitting shoes, especially those with inadequate arch support
Symptoms of Bone Spurs
- Chronic or intermittent pain, especially when you jog, run, or walk
- Recurrence of pain when you stand after sitting for an extended period of time
- Sensations of sharp pain that eventually change into dull aches
Treatments for Bone Spurs
- Anti-inflammatory medication, such as cortisone injections or ibuprofen
- Custom-made orthotics --NOPA offers more than 150 unique possibilities!
- Ice therapy
- Over-the-counter pain medication
- Physical therapy
- Stretching exercises
- Surgery, in the most extreme cases
- Wearing athletic or running shoes with soft, cushioned soles
Prevention of Bone Spurs
- Pacing yourself when exercising
- Warming up and doing stretching exercises before physical activity
- Wearing activity- and sport-specific shoes
- Wearing properly fitting shoes with shock-absorbent soles, rigid shanks, and supportive heel counters
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